Pen and ink talent, the representative figure of literati painting – Zhao Mengxu

Chinese literati painting sprouted in Tang Dynasty and flourished in Song and Yuan Dynasties.

What is literati painting? Modern Chen Hengke believes that “literati painting has four elements: personality, knowledge, talent and thought.” With these four, one can be perfect.”

The literati painter must be a literati who can write good words, a willful and honest painter, and a calligrapher who values moral character, accumulates knowledge and knows the truth. Literati painting in the function of expression is poetic, simple and elegant, fresh and elegant. In color, it is heavy ink light gorgeous, free and easy in the line, in the subject matter is natural wild interest. In the point of view is freehand, in the nature of expression is to seek the interest outside the image, rather than realistic as a professional. Literati painters are empty and quiet heart, deep understanding of the silent beauty of nature, but also perspective of the root of life, in the vein of vientiane free, the living are happy to live, the self safety of the self, in this time of silent communication, the painting source will flow from the literati’s heart. One of the representative figures is Zhao Mengzhi «

Zhao Mengfu «–¯ (1254 AD – 1322 AD), styled Zi Ang, born in Songxue Dao, Crystal Palace Daoist, Wuxing (now Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province), was an official, painter and writer in the late Song and early Yuan dynasties Zhao Mengzhi «–¯ worked in both Song and Yuan dynasties Due to his noble family, he was the eleventh grandson of Zhao Kuangyin, Emperor Taizu of Song Dynasty. The good birth environment let him read poetry and books from a young age, and his talent was flourishing. The contact with officials and relatives in ordinary times also added a lot of insight, and at the age of 14, he was already an official.

His writing style is clear and meaningful, relaxed and steady, coupled with a good hand since childhood (seal, Li, Kai, line, grass), has long been a combination of people and pens, intended to write first. He advocated the use of the pen into the painting, lyrical meaning, but also reflects the essence of literati painting, for the future generations of learning to lay a solid foundation.

In the field of painting and calligraphy, he has both talents, landscape, flowers and birds, and figures. Representative works: “Tao Te Jing”, “Thousand characters”, “Luo Shen”, “Return to the Xi Ci”, “Chibi”, “Autumn Jiao drink horse Map”, “Xiu Shi Shulin Map”, “Songshi Laozi Map”, and “Shang Shu Notes”, “Songxue Zhai Collection” 12 volumes.

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